Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common condition that affects people of all age groups. The condition can occur as a result of physical activity or pre-existing conditions such as arthritis and gout can cause it. The most debilitating condition for athletes is a tearing of a ligament in the knee. Many of the knee injuries are minor and can be resolved through time and proper care at home. However, some cases require additional medical guidance, and surgery may be required.


Some symptoms of a knee injury are as follows:

  • Inflammation of the ligaments
  • Limited ability to bend the knee
  • Stiffness of the knee
  • Discoloration of the knee area
  • Walking with a limp


Knee injuries occur when tendons, ligaments, or bursae surrounding the knee are damaged. Some common knee injuries are as follows:

Patellar Tendinitis
An injury to the tissue that connects the kneecap to the shinbone, Patellar Tendinitis comes in 4 stages.

Stage 1 – Pain occurs only after an activity, without significant impairment
Stage 2 – Pain occurs during and after an activity, but the person is still capable of satisfactorily performing activities
Stage 3 – Chronic pain during and after an activity. The activity becomes more difficult to perform at a satisfactory level.
Stage 4 – The tendon has completely torn and requires surgery.

These 4 components are the key ligaments of the knee, and each of them provide bracing for specific ranges of motion of the knee and leg. It is important to seek medical attention if one of these ligaments tears in order to prevent additional unwanted stress from being transferred to the other ligaments. Athletes that continue to play after one of these ligaments is weakened risk the chance of the entire knee from buckling.

Knee Bursitis
The bursae is a fluid filled sac that helps cushion the knee joint so that ligaments and tendons can move more smoothly over the knee joint. When this sac is damaged, pain can be felt and inflammation and discoloration can be seen at the knee.

Torn Meniscus
A torn meniscus often occurs when the knee quickly twists while pressure is placed on it. This condition is important to monitor because the meniscus provides support between the thighbone and shinbone.

When It’s Time to Contact Dr. Puppala

It is important to seek Dr. Puppala’s medical guidance when you experience one of the following:

  • Knee is swollen/discolored
  • You cannot put weight on your knees
  • Your knee has limited mobility
  • You feel that your knee may buckle
  • The pain in your knee is limiting your ability to perform daily functions
  • Your knee feels mushy and tender